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한국공연예술센터 20주년 정기공연 한국공연예술센터 20주년 정기공연
  • 베니스 비엔날레 큐레이터: 마시밀리아노 지오니 | Interview File
  • 뉴욕에서 광주 거쳐 베니스로

    스타 큐레이터 마시밀리아노 지오니




    massimiliano-gioni_foto-di-selva-barni1.jpg Photo: Di Selva Barni



    이제 겨우 서른아홉. 뉴뮤지엄의 큐레이터 마시밀리아노 지오니(Massimiliano Gioni)는 지금 세계에서 가장 잘 나가는 큐레이터다.


    ‘스타 큐레이터’로 불리우는 마시밀리아노 지오니는 2010년 광주비엔날레의 예술총감독을 맡아 ‘만인보’를 주제로 한 미술축제를 성공으로 이끌었다. 광주비엔날레는 비평가들의 찬사를 받았으며, 50여만명의 관람객을 끌었다. 


    그리고, 지금은 베니스 비엔날레를 지휘하고 있다. 6월 1일부터 11월 24일까지 열리는 베니스 비엔날레의 주제는 ‘백과사전 궁전(The Encyclopedic Palace)’. 무려 38개국에서 158명의 미술가들이 초대됐다. 예년에 비해 2배에 가까운 수다. 설치작가  김수자씨가 한국관 대표작가로 참가한다.


    2010 4월 광주비엔날레 홍보 차 기자회견을 열었을 때 지오니는 귀엽고, 유러머스하고, 장난끼 있는 모습이었다. 하지만, 그의 기획력은 지금 세계 미술계의 톱클래스다.


     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Massimiliano Gioni


    광주-지아니1.jpg Photo: Sukie Park/The Korea Daily



    민주화운동 30주년을 맞은 도시 광주의 비엔날레와 현대미술의 최전선에 선 뉴욕 뉴뮤지엄의 큐레이터가 만났다.


    마시밀리아노 지오니 광주비엔날레 예술총감독이 4월 20일 맨해튼 뉴뮤지엄의 스카이룸에서 제 8회 광주 세계 미술축제의 베일을 드러냈다. 지오니 예술총감독은 기자회견을 열고 비엔날레의 주제와 전시작가를 소개했다.


    올 9월 3일부터 11월 7일까지 광주 곳곳에서 열릴 비엔날레의 주제는 고은씨의 동명 시집에서 착안한 ‘만인보(萬人譜, 10000 Lives)’.


    지오니 예술총감독은 “올해는 5•18 광주 민주화운동 30주년이 되는 해이며, 5•18 정신과 긴밀한 관계에 있는 광주비엔날레의 정체성이나 역사성에 비추어 매우 의미있는 일”이라고 밝혔다.


    고은 시인이 1980년대 민주화 운동으로 투옥됐을 때부터 쓰기 시작한 연작시 ‘만인보’는 그가 생애를 통해 만난 인물이 실명으로 거론됐다. ‘인류애의 백과사전’으로 불리는 시집이다. 

    집필기간 25년, 3800여편, 30권으로 구성된 ‘만인보’는 영어, 독일어, 스페인어, 스웨덴어 등 7개 이상의 언어로 번역 출간됐다. 고은 시인은 노벨상 문학상 후보에 오르기도 했다.


    광주 비엔날레가 차용한 ‘만인보’는 만인들의 삶, 시각예술 속에 등장하는 다양한 이미지를 상징한다.


    “주제가 설명하듯 야심만만하고, 기본적이면서도 무시무시하기까지한 작품들이 소개될 예정이다.”



    광주-지아니4.jpg Photo: Sukie Park/The Korea Daily



    지오니 예술총감독은 1901년부터 2010년까지 활동해온 세계 작가 100명을 초대했다. 앤디 워홀, 신디 셔만, 브루스 나우만, 제프 쿤스에서 지난해 베니스 비엔날레의 한국관 초대작가 양혜규씨까지 유명작가들도 포함됐으며, 광주 비엔날레를 위해 특별히 제작된 작품도 소개될 예정이다.


    지난해 4월 광주비엔날레 사상 최초의 유럽인이자 최연소로 비엔날레 지휘자로 발탁된 지오니 예술총감독은 이후 뉴욕과 광주를 부지런히 오갔다.


    이탈리아 출신인 지오니는 “스파게티는 이탈리아가 아시아의 국수에서 베낀 것”이라고 호탕하게 웃었다. “광주에서 홍어회를 즐긴다!”는 그는 이번 비엔날레를 ‘어둡고 무겁지만은 않은 전시’로 꾸미고 있다고 강조했다.


    아이리시타임스의 미술담당 기자 벨린다 맥권은 “수많은 생명이 빼앗긴 사건이 일어난 곳이므로 비엔날레의 주제가 된 것은 매우 적합하다고 생각한다. 미술전시는 인간 생애의 복합성과 다양성, 그리고 그 뒤로 남겨진 이미지를 포착하는 것이다. 광주 비엔날레가 무척 기대된다”고 말했다.


    지오니 예술총감독이 기획하지는 않았지만, 5.18을 추도하는 특별전 ‘5월의 꽃’도 마련된다. 이 전시에는 고 백남준씨와 뉴욕화가 변종곤씨, 설치작가 이불씨 등 40여명의 작품이 전시될 예정이다.



    광주-지아니3.jpg

    ☞ Massimiliano Gioni


    밀라노에서 40분 떨어진 부스토 아르시지오(Busto Arsizio)에서 태어나 이탈리아 볼로냐대학교에서 미술사를 전공했다.

    2003년 베니스비엔날레의 ‘더 존’ 섹션 큐레이터를 비롯해 2006년 베를린비엔날레 전시 기획, 2007년 리옹비엔날레의 자문위원을 맡았다.

    2003년부터 밀라노의 니콜라트루사르디재단 예술감독을 거쳐 2006년 뉴뮤지엄의 특별전 디렉터로 발탁됐다. 2009년 뉴뮤지엄의 트리엔날레 ‘제너레이셔널: 예수보다 젊은(The Generational : Younger Than Jesus)’전을 기획했다.

    2010년 광주비엔날레의 예술총감독을 맡았다.




    000.jpg *마시밀리아노 지오니 인터뷰는 2010년 4월 20일 뉴욕중앙일보에 게재된 것입니다.




    PICT0180.jpg


    venice biennale 2013 : Artists   2013 베니스 비엔날레 초대작가                                              


    Hilma af Klint
    Born in 1862 in Solna, Sweden
    Died in 1944 in Djursholm, Sweden

    Victor Alimpiev
    Born in 1973 in Moscow, Russia

    Ellen Altfest
    Born in 1970 in New York, USA

    Pawel Althamer
    Born in 1967 in Warsaw, Poland

    Levi Fisher Ames
    Born in 1843 in Sullivan, USA
    Died in 1923 in Monroe, USA

    Yuri Ancarani
    Born in 1972 in Ravenna, Italy

    Carl Andre
    Born in 1935 in Quincy, USA

    Uri Aran
    Born in 1977 in Jerusalem, Israel

    Yüksel Arslan
    Born in 1933 in Istanbul, Turkey

    Ed Atkins
    Born in 1982 in Oxford, UK

    Marino Auriti
    Born in 1891 in Guardiagrele, Italy
    Died in 1980 in Kennett Square, USA

    Enrico Baj
    Born in 1924 in Milan, Italy
    Died in 2003 in Vergiate, Italy

    Miroslaw Balka
    Born in 1958 in Warsaw, Poland

    Phyllida Barlow
    Born in 1944 in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

    Morton Bartlett
    Born in 1909 in Chicago, USA
    Died in 1992 in Boston, USA

    Gianfranco Baruchello
    Born in 1924 in Livorno, Italy

    Hans Bellmer
    Born in 1902 in Katowice, Poland
    Died in 1975 in Paris, France

    Neïl Beloufa
    Born in 1985 in Paris, France

    Graphic Works of Southeast Asia and Melanesia, Hugo A. Bernatzik Collection 1932–1937

    Stefan Bertalan
    Born in 1930 in Racastie, Romania

    Rossella Biscotti
    Born in 1978 in Molfetta, Italy

    Arthur Bispo do Rosário
    Born in about 1910 in Japaratuba, Brazil
    Died in 1989 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    John Bock
    Born in 1965 in Gribbohm, Germany

    Frédéric Bruly Bouabré
    Born in 1923 in Zéprégüé, Ivory Coast

    Geta Bratescu
    Born in 1926 in Ploiesti, Romania

    KP Brehmer
    Born in 1938 in Berlin, Germany
    Died in 1997 in Hamburg, Germany

    James Lee Byars
    Born in 1932 in Detroit, USA
    Died in 1997 in Cairo, Egypt

    Roger Caillois
    Born in 1913 in Reims, France
    Died in 1978 in Kremlin-Bicêtre, France

    Varda Caivano
    Born in 1971 in Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Vlassis Caniaris
    Born in 1928 in Athens, Greece
    Died in 2011 in Athens, Greece

    James Castle
    Born in 1899 in Garden Valley, USA
    Died in 1977 in Boise, USA

    Alice Channer
    Born in 1977 in Oxford, UK

    George Condo
    Born in 1957 in Concord, USA

    Aleister Crowley and Frieda Harris
    Born in 1875 in Royal Leamington Spa, UK
    Died in 1947 in Hastings, UK
    Born in 1877 in London, UK
    Died in 1962 in Srinagar, India

    Robert Crumb
    Born in 1943 in Philadelphia, USA

    Roberto Cuoghi
    Born in 1973 in Modena, Italy

    Enrico David
    Born in 1966 in Ancona, Italy

    Tacita Dean
    Born in 1965 in Canterbury, UK

    John De Andrea
    Born in 1941 in Denver, USA

    Thierry De Cordier
    Born in 1954 in Ronse, Belgium

    Jos De Gruyter and Harald Thys
    Born in 1965 in Geel, Belgium
    Born in 1966 in Wilrijk, Belgium

    Walter De Maria
    Born in 1935 in Albany, USA

    Simon Denny
    Born in 1982 in Auckland, New Zealand

    Trisha Donnelly
    Born in 1974 in Los Angeles, USA

    Jimmie Durham
    Born in 1940 in Washington, USA

    Harun Farocki
    Born in 1944 in Nový Jicín, Czech Republic

    Peter Fischli & David Weiss
    Born in 1952 in Zurich, Switzerland
    Born in 1946 in Zurich, Switzerland
    Died in 2012 in Zurich, Switzerland

    Linda Fregni Nagler
    Born in 1976 in Stockholm, Sweden

    Peter Fritz
    Died in 1992 in Vienna, Austria

    Aurélien Froment
    Born in 1976 in Angers, France

    Phyllis Galembo
    Born in 1952 in New York, USA

    Norbert Ghisoland
    Born in 1878 in La Bouverie, Belgium
    Died in 1939 in Frameries, Belgium

    Yervant Gianikian and Angela Ricci Lucchi
    Born in 1942 in Merano, Italy
    Born in 1942 in Lugo di Romagna, Italy

    Domenico Gnoli
    Born in 1933 in Rome, Italy
    Died in 1970 in New York, USA

    Robert Gober
    Born in 1954 in Wallingford, USA

    Tamar Guimarães and Kasper Akhøj
    Born in 1967 in Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    Born in 1976 in Copenhagen, Denmark

    Guo Fengyi
    Born in 1942 in Xi’an, China
    Died in 2010 in Xi’an, China

    João Maria Gusmão and Pedro Paiva
    Born in 1979 in Lisbon, Portugal
    Born in 1977 in Lisbon, Portugal

    Wade Guyton
    Born in 1972 in Hammond, USA

    1.jpg

    *붓으로 그리던 시대는 끝났다: 웨이드 가이톤@휘트니뮤지엄

    Haitian Vodou Flags

    Duane Hanson
    Born in 1925 in Alexandria, USA
    Died in 1996 in Boca Raton, USA

    Sharon Hayes
    Born in 1970 in Baltimore, USA

    Camille Henrot
    Born in 1978 in Paris, France

    Daniel Hesidence
    Born in 1975 in Akron, USA

    Roger Hiorns
    Born in 1975 in Birmingham, UK

    Channa Horwitz
    Born in 1932 in Los Angeles, USA

    Jessica Jackson Hutchins
    Born in 1971 in Chicago, USA

    René Iché
    Born in 1897 in Sallèles-d’Aude, France
    Died in 1954 in Paris, France

    Hans Josephsohn
    Born in 1920 in Kaliningrad, Russia
    Died in 2012 in Zurich, Switzerland

    Carl Gustav Jung
    Born in 1875 in Kesswil, Switzerland
    Died in 1961 in Kuessnacht, Switzerland

    Kan Xuan
    Born in 1972 in Xuancheng, China

    Bouchra Khalili
    Born in 1975 in Casablanca, Morocco

    Ragnar Kjartansson
    Born in 1976 in Reykjavík, Iceland

    Eva Kotátková
    Born in 1982 in Prague, Czech Republic

    Evgenij Kozlov
    Born in 1955 in St. Petersburg, Russia

    Emma Kunz
    Born in 1892 in Brittnau, Switzerland
    Died in 1963 in Waldstatt, Switzerland

    Maria Lassnig
    Born in 1919 in Kappel am Krappfeld, Austria

    Mark Leckey
    Born in 1964 in Birkenhead, UK

    Augustin Lesage
    Born in 1876 in Saint-Pierre-les-Auchel, France
    Died in 1954 in Burbure, France

    Lin Xue
    Born in 1968 in Fujian, China

    Herbert List
    Born in 1903 in Hamburg, Germany
    Died in 1975 in Munich, Germany

    José Antonio Suárez Londoño
    Born in 1955 in Medellín, Colombia

    Sarah Lucas
    Born in 1962 in London, UK

    Helen Marten
    Born in 1985 in Macclesfield, UK

    Paul McCarthy
    Born in 1945 in Salt Lake City, USA

    Steve McQueen
    Born in 1969 in London, UK

    Prabhavathi Meppayil
    Born in 1965 in Bangalore, India

    Marisa Merz
    Born in 1931 in Turin, Italy

    Pierre Molinier
    Born in 1900 in Agen, France
    Died in 1976 in Bordeaux, France

    Matthew Monahan
    Born in 1972 in Eureka, USA

    Laurent Montaron
    Born in 1972 in Verneuil-sur-Avre, France

    Melvin Moti
    Born in 1977 in Rotterdam, The Netherlands

    Matt Mullican
    Born in 1951 in Santa Monica, USA

    Ron Nagle
    Born in 1939 in San Francisco, USA

    Bruce Nauman
    Born in 1941 in Fort Wayne, USA

    Albert Oehlen
    Born in 1954 in Krefeld, Germany

    Shinro Ohtake
    Born in 1955 in Tokyo, Japan

    J.D. ‘Okhai Ojeikere
    Born in 1930 in Ojomu Emai, Nigeria

    Henrik Olesen
    Born in 1967 in Esbjerg, Denmark

    John Outterbridge
    Born in 1933 in Greenville, USA

    Paño Drawings

    Marco Paolini
    Born in 1956 in Belluno, Italy

    Diego Perrone
    Born in 1970 in Asti, Italy

    Walter Pichler
    Born in 1936 in Deutschnofen, Italy
    Died in 2012 in Burgenland, Austria

    Otto Piene
    Born in 1928 in Bad Laasphe, Germany

    Eliot Porter
    Born in 1901 in Winnetka, USA
    Died in 1990 in Santa Fe, USA

    Imran Qureshi
    Born in 1972 in Hyderabad, Pakistan

    IMG_7220.JPG

    *메트뮤지엄 루프가든 임란 쿠레쉬 바닥화 설치

     Carol Rama

    Born in 1918 in Turin, Italy

    Charles Ray
    Born in 1953 in Chicago, USA

    James Richards
    Born in 1983 in Cardiff, UK

    Achilles G. Rizzoli
    Born in 1896 in Marin County, USA
    Died in 1981 in San Francisco, USA

    Pamela Rosenkranz
    Born in 1979 in Sils-Maria, Switzerland

    Dieter Roth
    Born in 1930 in Hanover, Germany
    Died in 1998 in Basel, Switzerland

    Viviane Sassen
    Born in 1972 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    Shinichi Sawada
    Born in 1987 in Otsu City, Japan

    Hans Schärer
    Born in 1927 in Bern, Switzerland
    Died in 1997 in St. Niklausen, Switzerland

    Karl Schenker
    Born in Germany
    Died in 1951/52, UK

    Michael Schmidt
    Born in 1945 in Berlin, Germany

    Jean-Frédéric Schnyder
    Born in 1945 in Basel, Switzerland

    Friedrich Schröder-Sonnenstern
    Born in 1892 in Jasnoje, Russia
    Died in 1982 in Berlin, Germany

    Tino Sehgal
    Born in 1976 in London, UK

    Richard Serra
    Born in 1939 in San Francisco, USA

    Shaker Gift Drawings

    Jim Shaw
    Born in 1952 in Midland, USA

    Cindy Sherman
    Born in 1954 in Glen Ridge, USA

    cindysherman1.JPG

    *171개의 얼굴, 사진작가 신디 셔만@MoMA

    Laurie Simmons and Allan McCollum

    Born in 1949 in Long Island, USA
    Born in 1944 in Los Angeles, USA

    Drossos P. Skyllas
    Born in 1912 in Kalymnos, Greece
    Died in 1973 in Chicago, USA

    Harry Smith
    Born in 1923 in Portland, USA
    Died in 1991 in New York, USA

    Xul Solar
    Born in 1887 in Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Died in 1963 in Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Christiana Soulou
    Born in 1961 in Athens, Greece

    Eduard Spelterini
    Born in 1852 in Bazenheid, Switzerland
    Died in 1931 in Zipf, Austria

    Rudolf Steiner
    Born in 1861 in Donji Kraljevec, Croatia
    Died in 1925 in Dornach, Switzerland

    Hito Steyerl
    Born in 1966 in Munich, Germany

    Papa Ibra Tall
    Born in 1935 in Tivaouane, Senegal

    Dorothea Tanning
    Born in 1910 in Galesburg, USA
    Died in 2012 in New York, USA

    Anonymous Tantric Paintings

    Ryan Trecartin
    Born in 1981 in Webster, USA

    Rosemarie Trockel
    Born in 1952 in Schwerte, Germany

    Andra Ursuta
    Born in 1979 in Salonta, Romania

    Patrick Van Caeckenbergh
    Born in 1960 in Aalst, Belgium

    Stan VanDerBeek
    Born in 1927 in New York, USA
    Died in 1984 in Baltimore, USA

    Erik van Lieshout
    Born in 1968 in Deurne, The Netherlands

    Danh Vo
    Born in 1975 in Bà R?a–Vung Tàu Province, Vietnam

    IMG_4992.jpg

    *벼룩시장과 구겐하임의 차이는? :욘 보(Dahn Vo)의 'I M U U R 2'

    Eugene Von Bruenchenhein
    Born in 1910 in Marinette, USA
    Died in 1983 in Milwaukee, USA

    Günter Weseler
    Born in 1930 in Olsztyn, Poland

    Jack Whitten
    Born in 1939 in Bessemer, USA

    Cathy Wilkes
    Born in 1966 in Belfast, UK

    Christopher Williams
    Born in 1956 in Los Angeles, USA

    Lynette Yiadom-Boakye
    Born in 1977 in London, UK

    Kohei Yoshiyuki
    Born in 1946 in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan

    Sergey Zarva
    Born in 1973 in Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine

    Anna Zemánková
    Born in 1908 in Olomouc, Czech Republic
    Died in 1986 in Prague, Czech Republic

    Jakub Julian Ziólkowski
    Born in 1980 in Zamosc, Poland

    Artur Zmijewski
    Born in 1966 in Warsaw, Poland

    http://galleristny.com/2013/03/the-2013-venice-biennale-list-is-out/

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